The Swedish "Everyman's right" ("Allemansrätt") does not include fishing, fishing rights in private waters belongs to the property owner. To fish in lakes and rivers, one has to get hold on a fishing license for the relevant fishing waters. Each and every person is also required to know the rules that applies in the water that you want to fish in.

There are about 2 000 fishing areas, also known as FVO, in Sweden. Most have been formed since 1981, when a new law was adapted to fisheries management. This form of managment has been very succesfull in lakes and streams. The fishing area is managed by a Fishery Conservation Association. The area is the geographical unit. The association consists of all owners of fishing in the area. The fishing grounds are rural and agricultural properties of a third resource, the forest and cultivated land.